7. Prepositions.

Prepositions: Definition and Usage:La preposición puede ser definida como una palabra o término conector que muestra la relación existente entre un sustantivo o un sustantivo sustituto a alguna otra palabra en la oración.

Uses of Common Prepositions

     Prepositions are used to express a number of relationships,
including time, location, manner, means, quantity, purpose, and
state or condition.  The following outline demonstrates the uses of
common prepositions.

A. TIME

about:    about noon (approximately)    after: after the game
at:       at five o’clock                      after lunch
          at last (finally)                    after three
by:       by midnight (no later than)   for:   for an hour (duration)
from:     from Monday to Friday         in:    in the morning
of:       a quarter of three (15               in the fall
          minutes before)                      in April
on:       on Tuesday (day of the week)         in 1987
          on May 8 (date)                      in six months (at the end of)
          on time (punctual)                   in time (early enough)
past:     a quarter past three (15      to:    a quarter to three (15 minutes
          minutes after)                       before)

B. PLACE OR DIRECTION

around:   She walked around the car.         at:    They are at home.
down:      They lived down the hall.                         We were at the restaurant.
from:       We immigrated from Peru                       He smiled at her.
                    in 1991.                                             in:     He lives in a trailer.
          The restaurant is one                                         We waited in the bus.
          mile from here.                                        side:   Put it inside the house.   
of:    We moved south of Montreal    on:                  We sat on the ocean pier.
through:  They drove through the tunnel.          She left on the train.
to:    He went to Prague.                                  up:     He walked up the stairs.
         Give it to me.                                             with:   He went with me.

C. MEANS OR AGENT

. MEANS OR AGENT
 

by:   He was hit by a ball.              from:  His success results from
          She came by train.                             careful planning.
          He did it by hard work.              in:  He takes pleasure in it.
          It came by special delivery.     on:  They live on bread and water.
          He got there by swimming.   with:He chased the mongoose with
                                                                              a stick.

D. MANNER
by:       By doing it yourself, you     in:    He left in confusion.
              save time.                                         The room was in a turmoil.
like:     He looks like a hero.                      You can do it in a day.
on:       I swear it on my word of honor.     
with:   He ate it with a fork.

E. STATE OR CONDITION

at:     My friend is at work.          by: They are by themselves
          She is at home.                      (alone).
in:    He is in a state of                   on:  He is on duty (scheduled to
          confusion.                                        work).
for:   I mistook you for someone  as:    I see her as a good person.
          else.

F. QUANTITY OR MEASURE

for:      We drove for twenty miles.    by:    We bought them by the kilo.
              We bought it for ten cents.

G. PURPOSE

for:   He bought it for an emergency.
          She went to the city for sightseeing.
          He loved her for her thoughtfulness.

Uses of Prepositions after Certain Verbs

account for
agree on (something)
agree with (someone)
apologize to
apply for
approve of
argue with (someone)
ask for
believe in
belong to
blame (someone) for (something)
blame (something) on (someone)
borrow from
call on (upon)
care for
compliment (someone) on
come from
consent to
consist of
convince (someone) of (something)
decide on (upon)
depend on (upon)
get rid of
hear about
hear from
hear of
insist on (upon)
invite (someone) to
laugh at
listen for
listen to
look at
look for
look forward to
object to
plan on
provide for
provide with
recover from
remind (someone) of
search for
see about
substitute for
talk about
talk of
telephone to
think about
think of
wait for
wait on (meaning serve

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Uses of Prepositions with Certain Adjectives and in Idiomatic Expressions

according to
accustomed to
angry about (something)
capable of
composed of
content with
dependent on (upon)
different from (than)
disappointed in
due to
followed by
fond of
have respect for
in accordance with
angry at (someone)
angry with (someone)
based on
independent of
in regard to
interested in
limited to
married to
proud of
related to
resulting from
similar to
tired of

http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/prepositions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/prepositions

 

 

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